Russia’s military opened fire and seized three Ukrainian naval vessels in the Black Sea off the coast of the Crimean Peninsula Sunday, Ukraine’s military said, escalating tensions in the disputed region.
Ukraine’s navy said Russian coast guard crews boarded two naval artillery boats and a tugboat and seized the vessels. The navy also said that two crew members were wounded, though their conditions were not immediately known.
Earlier Sunday, Russia and Ukraine traded accusations over another incident involving the same three vessels. The incident began after the Ukrainian navy claimed a Russian coast guard vessel rammed the tugboat, which was escorting the artillery boats from Odessa on the Black Sea to Mariupol in the Sea of Azov, via the Kerch Strait.
“Russian coast guard vessels … carried out openly aggressive actions against Ukrainian navy ships,” the Ukrainian navy’s statement said. It said the Russian ship damaged the tugboat’s engine, hull, side railing and a lifeboat.
The statement added that Russia had been informed in advance about the planned journey.
Russia then blocked off the strait.
The Kerch Strait is the only passage into the Sea of Azov beyond it. The strait is crossed by the recently completed Kerch Bridge, connecting Crimea to Russia. Transit under the bridge has been blocked by a tanker ship, and dozens of cargo ships awaiting passage are stuck.
Russia has not given any indication of how long it will keep the strait blocked off, but a long-term closure to civilian traffic would amount to an economic blockade of Ukrainian cities on the Azov coast. In addition, Russia’s Black Sea Fleet greatly outmatches the Ukrainian navy.
Ukrainian cities on the Sea of Azov include strategically vital centers such as Mariupol — the closest government-controlled city to Donetsk and Luhansk, the breakaway regions of eastern Ukraine controlled by Russia-backed separatists.
Russia’s Federal Security Service, known as the FSB, said in a statement Sunday night that “there is irrefutable evidence that Kiev prepared and orchestrated provocations … in the Black Sea. These materials will soon be made public.”
Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said on Facebook that the incident was characteristic of Ukrainian behavior: provoke, pressure and blame for aggression.
Though a 2003 treaty designates the Kerch Strait and Sea of Azov as shared territorial waters, Russia has been asserting greater control over the passage since 2015.
Ukraine’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement that Russia’s actions “have transgressed all boundaries and become aggressive … [and] demand clear reaction of international community.”
“We consider such aggressive actions as a violation of the norms of the UN Charter and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea,” the statement went on. “Ukraine will take all appropriate measures to ensure diplomatic and legal response.”
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, after a meeting with his National Security Council, said in a statement he would ask parliament Monday to take up the issue of whether to implement martial law over the incident.
About 50-100 people gathered outside the Russian Embassy in Kiev to protest Moscow’s actions.
European Union foreign affairs spokeswoman Maja Kocijanic called on both Russia and Ukraine to “act with utmost restraint to de-escalate” the situation and demanded that Russia “restore freedom of passage at the Kerch strait.”
“[T]he events in the Sea of Azov are a demonstration of how instability and tensions are bound to rise when the basic rules of international cooperation are disregarded,” said Kocijanic, who added: “The EU does not and will not recognise the illegal annexation of the Crimean peninsula by Russia.”
Dmitry Kiselyov, a commentator on the state-controlled Rossiya channel, told viewers on his Sunday evening news program that Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko — encouraged by the U.S. — has been looking to pick a fight with Russia in the Black Sea.
The talk show host also said that the U.S. talked Poroshenko into staging a provocation against Russia as a means to disrupt the upcoming meeting between Presidents Vladimir Putin and Donald Trump at this week’s Group of 20 summit in Argentina.
“What is happening now at the (Kerch) bridge threatens to turn into a very unpleasant story,” Kiselyov warned.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.